Different types of exfoliation used during a facial.
Removing dead epidermal cells, the outer layers of the skin, benefits the skin in many ways. Skin texture is smoother and softer, follicle openings are cleaner, deep pore extractions are easier, cell turnover rate is increased, product penetration is improved, and blood flow and circulation are stimulated..
There are two types of exfoliation: mechanical and chemical. Mechanical is a physical method of rubbing the dead cells off of the skin utilizing abrasives such as granular scrubs 1-2 times per week. However this should be avoided if you have sensitive or irritated skin. Another form of mechanical exfoliation is microdermabrasion which is a deeper form of exfoliation. Micrcodermabrasion is a vacuum mechanism which stimulates cell metabolism while removing dead epidermal cells. Microdermabrasion can be used for sun damage, pigmentation, open and closed comedones, fine lines and wrinkles, enlarged pores and coarsely textured skin. Microdermabrasion exfoliates the epidermis more effectively than a 30% peel however the benefits of the peel are not produced. Those who can not tolerate chemical exfoliation may be a good candidate for microdermabrasion.
The second method is chemical exfoliation. In chemical exfoliation dead skin cells and intracellular connections are dissolved by chemical agents. Chemical agents consist of AHA’s, BHA’s, TCA, and enzymes. Depending on the product that is used and the training and experience of the skin care specialist depends on the depth of exfoliation. The ph of the skin is 5.5. In order for a chemical to work the ph must drop below 5.5 which will cause an inflammatory response.
A skin consultation is imperative before microdermabrasion or chemical exfoliation. At Privy Skin Care I offer Crystal Free Microdermabrasion, and an extensive array of chemical/enzyme treatments by Rhonda Allison. You can reach me at 702-496-2066.