what causes dark spots (hyperpigmentation)?
Dark spots can result from hormonal changes, pregnancy, acne and other inflammatory changes. Exposure to the sun without protection is one of the leading causes of dark spots. Whatever the reason, dark spots occur when cells secrete the amino acid tyrosine, which aids in the production of melanin, causing hyper-pigmentation to take place.
how can i correct them?
Dark spot correctors, or skin lighteners, work to reduce the excess production of melanin. Hydroquinone is one type of melanin suppressant that many products contain. While the FDA has approved hydroquinone for use in topical applications, it concedes that it “cannot rule out” that it has carcinogenic properties. The European Union has banned it’s use in cosmetics due to safety toxicity concerns. Something to consider as you look for a skin lightener.
Looking for a better option? Other, safer, popular skin lightening agents include Vitamin C, Kojic Acid, Retinoids, Licorice root, Vitamin C, Bearberry and Mulberry. Most dark spot correctors mix an exfoliating ingredient in, such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid to help the skin to turn over at a faster rate. Many products now contain exotic ingredients, and sometimes mix antioxidants with melanin suppressants. There are many products out there, and you may have to try more that one to find what works for you. Be sure to read over the ingredients carefully so you know what you are putting on your skin.
Call us today at 702-496-2066 for a quick consultation, or schedule online to book a relaxing corrective dark spot treatment with us.