what causes dark spots (hyperpigmentation)?

Dark spots can result from hormonal changes, pregnancy, acne and other inflammatory changes. One of the leading causes of dark spots is direct exposure to the sun. Whatever the instigating factor, dark spots occur when cells secrete the amino acid tyrosine, which aids in the production of melanin. The increase in melanin causes hyper-pigmentation to take place.

how can i correct them?

Dark spot correctors (also called skin lighteners) work to reduce the excess production of melanin. Hydroquinone is a common type of melanin suppressant. While the FDA has approved hydroquinone for use in topical applications, it concedes  that it “cannot rule out” that it has carcinogenic properties. The European Union has banned it’s use in cosmetics due to safety toxicity concerns.  Something to consider as you look for a skin lightener. 

what product should I use?

Other, safer, skin lightening agents include Vitamin C, Kojic Acid, Retinoids, Licorice root, Vitamin C, Bearberry and Mulberry. Most dark spot correctors mix in an exfoliating ingredient such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid.  This addition helps the skin to turn over at a faster rate. Many products now mix antioxidants with melanin suppressants. Your best bet? Work with your esthetician or dermatologist to find the product that works best for you. 

Call us today at 702-496-2066  for a quick consultation,  or schedule online to book a relaxing corrective dark spot treatment with us.